Designing jewelery is one of the first forms of decoration and has played a leading role in the history of customs since the most ancient civilisations. from the dawn, jewels have been for man objects full of meaning, propitiatory, of social identification, or simply enjoyed as hoardable objects, jewels constitute a fundamental trace for the reconstruction of man’s history, through his beliefs and his superstitions, its customs and economic structures, its technological knowledge and its aesthetic interests.

Traces of personal ornamentation have been found for periods prior to the Paleolithic itself: animal teeth, pebbles, fish skeletons, etc. in which man had intervened by making holes so that he could then pass ropes through them and use them as amulets to wear.

In the 3rd millennium BC, with the progress made in metalworking, the real turning point in the creation of jewelery took place, so the first true gold jewelery began to appear in Egypt, Greece and Mesopotamia.

It was the Romans and the Byzantines who brought jewelery techniques to the West. Unfortunately, however, very few ancient jewels have come down to us, due to the desecration of tombs and their reuse for new jewels.

But there are still many classic works by Italian jewelery designers, in which traces of Asian, Greek and Egyptian cultures can be seen. You can see how these cultures have influenced the creation of jewelery in Italian craftsmanship by observing the works created in the Etruscan period.

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It is from the 9th to the 4th sec. Indeed, Italian jewelery designers have created works whose artistic beauty has never been equalled. It’s absurd to think that they managed to perfect high jewelry techniques that are still in use today. An example is The most famous Italian jeweler of the 19th century was Pio Castellani Fortuna who perfected the granulation technique, a technique that is still used today with the same procedures of the time.

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